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In addition to the challenges associated with illuminating and magnifying the structures of the ear, nose and throat, the early pioneers of ENT medicine had to use their creativity and genius to develop effective ways to introduce tools and instruments into the narrow passageways of those structures, so they could

perform surgical procedures, remove foreign objects and clean those structures and passageways.


In this section, Dr. Joseph B. Touma and Dr. B. Joseph Touma show you the evolution of ENT instrumentation and equipment - including the development of guillotine devices to perform tonsilectomies and to remove laryngeal polyps; nasopharyngeal mirrors, specula and douches; adult and pediatric tracheostomy instruments; early tongue depressors and tongue blades; and irrigation systems for performing lavage (or cleaning) of the ear. 

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